The Garfagnana
Bagni di Lucca
Bagni di Lucca, the largest mountain Town of Italy, is divided in two by the river Lima, which crosses it.
Ancient spa, is located on the bottom of the F. Lima at its confluence in the Serchio. The first news of the Terme di Bagni di Lucca date to the first triumvirate in 56 BC, when Caesar, Pompey and Crassus, they divided the world and then came to take the waters in Bagni di Lucca. This legend, it is nevertheless certain that the baths at the time of the Roman Republic were already known.
Known, however, in the Middle Ages as the "Baths of Corsena" for the presence of the station therapeutic and for its healing waters.
The spa is derived solely from sources of water-calcium sulfate, unique. Among the numerous sources, the most famous are those of the "Doccione" (in the highest part of the Hot Baths) of "S. Giovanni" and "Bernab�" (less rich in minerals, but highly radioactive).
It reached its peak in the '800 and early '900, when it was for a long time place of care and worldly residence for the nobility of Europe. It was also attended by many men of art and culture such as Montaigne, Byron, Shelley, Heine, D'Azeglio, Carducci, etc..
It is divided into three main areas: Notable in Bagni di Lucca, the Academic Theater (built in 1790 and restored in 1986), Palazzo del Circolo dei Forestieri (built in 1923-24) and Palazzo della Lena (XVI century).

Entertainment and Sports:

Bagni di Lucca is generous towards those who love sports. The River Lima with crystal clear water offers many amusements for fans of rafting and canoeing, for those who love swimming in the river or just soak up the sun!
For those who love trekking and mountain biking, there are scenic walks for all levels.
The surrounding mountains are ideal for paragliding. There are riding stables that offer walks and riding trails in the enchanted valley, three swimming pools (one Olympic size, one for diving and one for children) and tennis courts on clay.

History and figures:

The history since Roman times, has a place of worship, where they stayed queens and princes, artists and musicians from across Europe, leaving, in a pristine environment, industrial civilization from the signs of high culture, with buildings and harmonious architecture.
Among the many celebrities who have long frequented these places include poets such as Byron and Shelley, the Browning, Giusti, Monti, Carducci, Pascoli, Montale more recently; writers such as Dumas, Heine, musicians like Strauss, Liszt, Paganini, Puccini, Mascagni; politicians and royalty as Paolina Bonaparte, Queen Margherita, Montaigne, D'Azeglio, religious as San Luigi Gonzaga, Santa Gemma, Pope Sixtus IV and Sixtus V.

History of Art and Architecture:

There are many palaces, villas and monuments to visit in this valley: the Anglican Church and the Protestant Cemetery, the historic Casino (first home game by the public of Europe), the Villa Reale, Villa Fiori, the Bagno alla Villa and the Bridge of Nottolini, the Ponte delle Catene(Chain Bridge) and the Ponte del Diavolo. In addition, there are more than twenty villages located on the ancient peaks of the mountains above, to be discovered, rich in charm, legends, mysteries and traditions lost.