The Garfagnana
Giovanni Pascoli and the house museum
Biographical profile:
Giovanni Pascoli was born in San Mauro di Romagna on December 31 1855, fourth son of Caterina Vincenzi Alloccatelli and Ruggero Pascoli, administrator of the estate of the principles Torlonia, where the family moved in 1862.
So the child lives in S. Mauro, and joined to seven years at the College of Scolopi of Urbino.
In 1867 his father was killed in an ambush: it is the beginning of a series of family misfortunes, including the death of his mother the following year, which have a profound effect on life and especially about the poet.
The family must deal with, supported by his brother Giacomo, long periods of shortages.
He attended the University of Bologna, where he approached the anarchist and socialist ideas, as a result of which lost for a period, the grant, and also ends up in prison.
Nevertheless manages to graduate in 1882, then was appointed professor of Latin and taught in various schools in Italy: Matera, Massa and Livorno.
At school, Pascoli, begins to engage with different activities, including the preparation of anthologies.
In 1895 he moved with his sister Maria in the house of Castelvecchio Barga (Lucca), a few months after the marriage of his sister Ida. He began his university career: Bologna, Messina and Pisa. It says in the meantime as a poet - the first edition of Myricae is 1891, the Canti di Castelvecchio of 1903 - and as a Latinist, repeatedly winning the gold medal for Latin poetry in Amsterdam. In 1906 Carducci agrees to replace the chair of Italian literature at the University of Bologna, where he died April 6 of 1912.

Casa Museo Giovanni Pascoli
Inauguration: 1960
City: Barga, Castelvecchio Pascoli
Locations Address: Via Caprona, 4

Castelvecchio di Barga was the place chosen by the poet Giovanni Pascoli in search of a dwelling would ensure peace and rest to his poetic inspiration and his literary activity.
We moved in October 1895, with his sister Mary and the dog Gul�, taking in the rent of the villa Cardoso-Carrara, situated at the Caproni di Castelvecchio, who then purchased in 1902.
This is the Giovanni Pascoli who chose in 1895 as a residence and who have long sought.
The poet was in the Valle del pago Serchio to have found "a bicocca around with some of the garden and forest."
Here the poet spent the most peaceful years of her life until her death April 6 1912; here have seen the light of its most successful poetry collections: i Primi Poemetti (1897), i Canti di Castelvecchio (1903), i Poemi Conviviali (1904).
Since the death of the poet, his sister Mary took care of, with profound affection, of the goods of his brother for forty years, faithfully preserving the structure, furnishings, layout of spaces.
Only after his death on 5 December 1953, the house, inherited by the city of Barga on his legacy, has undergone some renovations and upgrades, such as the inclusion of the electric light.

In this house they saw the light of the arrangement Myricae (1903), the Primi Poemetti (1897), the Canti di Castelvecchio (1903), the Poemi Conviviali (1904)
This period of great poetic production coincides with the official recognition given to the meadows by critics as innovator of Italian poetry.
The house retains its structure, the furniture, the provision of space, which at the time of the death of Giovanni Pascoli, which took place in Bologna on 6 April 1912.

The City of Barga, heir to the estates of his brother, to the legacy of Maria Pascoli, cares for the archive of the works, the buildings through the figure of a conservative.
After the death of the poet, the building was declared a national monument, of particular interest, the area that includes the house.
The building is on three floors, surrounded by a garden, a garden and a chapel restored by Pascoli, where Mary stands next to his brother.
The archive contains about 76,000 cards and 12,000 library volumes.

Giovanni Pascoli's House - Castelvecchio Pascoli, Giovanni Pascoli Foundation