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Francesco Vecchiacchi
In 1902 was born in Filicaia Francesco Vecchiacchi, the creator of the first radio link.
The ARI Lucca is named after him.

Francesco Vecchiacchi, already when he was young influenced by his maternal uncle Engineer Pellegrineschi Muzio, became enamored with the new techniques, so much so that while attending the faculty of mathematical physics at the University of Pisa (among others having as a companion Enrico Fermi), during the summer holidays, he built independently, a radio receiver.
It was 1923, the radio in Italy to his first experiences in some villages in the country (and beyond), where they had begun to operate receivers were people who did go miles to hear the first broadcast. In 1925, to twenty-three years old, graduated in mathematical physics at the University of Pisa, with 110 e lode immediately became an assistant for about two years Luigi Puccianti.

In 1927 he moved to Pisa Livorno as a teacher at the Radiotelegraphic Electrotechnical Institute of the Navy at the Naval Academy, founded by Giancarlo Vallauri scientist, considered by the young electrical engineering and radio technology of Italy and qualified as the highest authorities of the new science.
Professor Vallauri, before teaching at Livorno, he was a professor at the Polytechnic Torino_, School of Engineering of Naples and Pisa, built and directed the great transoceanic radio station Coltano (PI), founded and was director for many years, the magazine "Alta Frequenza", he was responsible for some important inventions in the field radio.
He took a liking to the young Vecchiacchi who spent those years in study, research, investigate, preferring to learn alongside a great teacher rather than devote themselves to the practical and profitable, favored in this, with excellent financial condition of the family.
This is a period in which the young physicist publishes essays in specialized magazines (Electro-technical) and volumes of the National Committee of the research that earned him awards and medals by the Italian Electrotechnical Association.

In 1930, twenty-eight years of age, he obtained the professorship.
Two years after the sudden changing economic conditions in the family, however, forced him to an abrupt change of direction in his life.
In a hot and muggy afternoon of July 1932 Francesco_ Vecchiacchi_, with a look, stood at the factory gates "Magneti Marelli" in Sesto San Giovanni (MI).
He told to the guard he had to deliver a personal letter to the Director General of the establishment, Count Bruno Quintavalle.
These were the years of the Depression and not a day passed that present themselves to the gates graduates as he modestly dressed, humble in appearance, looking for any job.
The guard looked down thinking to herself: "Here is another," he wanted to tell him not to deceive, that week was the fourth to be presented in vain, and that the plant was filled with technicians and clerks; however, after a long wait, he decided to put the letter on a metal tray and recombining in the whole person to deliver it to the director who not two minutes after ordered, "let that man come".
Count Quintavalle read, all in one breath, the letter of the friend Vallauri, who said happy to give his best collaborator, as employed of the Magneti Marelli, who would give a big boost to the nascent electronic Italian. Hired him right away and great was the surprise of the ushers and employees to see the Director General which accompanied that gentleman to the elevator door and greeted him with a very warm welcome handshake.

The Central Laboratory of the factory radio Magneti Marelli (Francesco Vecchiacchi named after his death), began the construction of the first span of the radio, shortwave, Milan - Monte Cimone, on the Tuscan Emilian Apennines; Francesco Vecchiacchi, as a designer and project manager, was simultaneously involved in the planning and execution the first television broadcast station of Magneti Marelli, built and installed the tower in the park of Milan during the trade fair of 1939.
At the same time won the contest Professor, Chair of the Electrical Communications at Politecnico di Milano where he also assumed the position of radio technology (Radiotecnica) for teaching, then became Professor of Electrical Communications and subsequently Director of the advanced courses in radio and PhD in Communication by wire.
In the field of radio links in those years, Italy has an undisputed record: with Vecchiacchi Trafficking of the radio link is extended with a further leap to Terminillo and then to Rome. With these references Marelli sent him to visit the International Exhibition in New York.
Preceded by the fame of his achievements is invited to visit the facilities and the emerging electronic television; in the two-month stay is fully aware of the immense wealth of resources that the government allocates for enabling scientists to proceed more quickly in their achievements.

Back home on the eve of World War II decided to build a radio-device, completely unaware that the Anglo / Americans were far ahead in this field. The scheme, thinking of a short war, felt that it was no longer necessary to devote to research.
Only Marelli, as always pleased to support initiatives of its pioneering technical advisor, put at the disposal as had to come to the implementation of radio-locator that Vecchiacchi_ called "Lince" (Lynx), a close cousin of the radar.

In 1941 he announced the first broadcast in color, of the CBS.
In 1952 Francesco Vecchiacchi realizes BRIDGE RADIO-TELEVISION experimental Torino Milano, the first broadband link, in Italy for RAI broadcasts. The following years saw a flourishing of radio links on the Italian mountains, more sophisticated, while Vecchiacchi is completing the great radio link Milan-Palermo able to bring the television program, resumed at any point of the peninsula, to the all transmitters to the national and European network.

The war "fast", it became so long, including bombings, shortage of raw materials and supplies, and the device was mounted on a few ships in the port of Taranto, one fixed at the Naval Academy in Livorno, when it was not useful anymore war, however, showing work by detecting incoming aircraft at long range, for the latest military incursion into the Italian soil.
In the first postwar Francesco Vecchiacchi puts the bridge Milan - Rome in full working order, extending and improving so much so that "passing" seven simultaneous telephone calls. In 1952 the first active connection to an experimental broadband in Italy between Triverio (BI) and Milano for the telecast and a link between microwave Torino - Triverio - Milano - Monte Penice - Monte Venda to connect the television studios and transmitters of the Po Valley.

The following years saw a proliferation of radio, on the Italian mountains, increasingly sophisticated and able to convey even 480 telephone channels, but while Vecchiacchi is completing the great radio link Milan-Palermo with twenty successive jumps, and able to bring the TV show, filmed at any point of the peninsula, all the transmitters to the national and European network, he manifested the first signs of the ugly evil, that November 20, 1955, will lead him to death, without being able to review its Garfagnana love the Apennines and the Apuan Alps where he was a passionate and deeply knowledgeable, so that in one of these mountains, several years ago, the Italian Alpine Club of Lucca, gave his name to a "via ferrata" (path).

Book: "Francesco Vecchiacchi 1902-1955" published in 1963 by the Rotary Club of Lucca.